The Agricultural bills passed on 17th September 2020 by the Lok Sabha, and on 20th September 2020 passed by the Rajya Sabha. The president of India, Ram Nath Kovind has accepted the bills on 27th September 2020. These bills seek the security, profit, and protection of the farmers. However, the Government is trying to make it effortless for the farmers to sell their produce directly to the big buyers without interference from commission agents. Farmers are protesting against the farmers’ bills. Mainly, the strong protests have been facing from Delhi, Haryana, and Punjab.
The Acts are :-
There are three bills for farmers' produce:-
1)The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services bill, 2020.
This bill provides the legal framework for farmers to enter into a contract.
It provides contractual farming. So, the farmers would protect from fraud and get the actual price of their produce,
For e.g., the buyer agreed to buy 4 kg pulses for Rs400 but after receiving the 4 kg pulses. He mentioned the quality of pulses are not good. Later, he paid less as compared to the decided amount. Hence, this is how the legal work could protect the farmers from exploitation.
2)The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020.
This bill gives the freedom to expand the scope of areas of the farmers to sell their produce within the state or outside the state.
State has abolished market fee cess from the farmers.
This bill abolishes the intermediaries.
It provides electronic trading for the farmers.
3)The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020.
This bill removes some foodstuffs such as Onion, Potatoes, Cereals, Pulses, Edible oil seeds and oils.
It also removes the stock holding.
Government will add these foodstuffs again in the essential commodity list in the extraordinary situation such as High Price Rise, War, Famine and Natural Calamities.
WHY FARMERS ARE PROTESTING?
They believed that they might lose more than they could gain. But they are not getting the bills that are actually good for them. They will get their actual price of their production even if the state government has been prohibited to impose cess and market fee on the farmers. So, they are free to sell in the market without any fear.
The Government has taken a remunerative step for the farmers. These three bills empowering them in fact income will also increase after removing the intermediaries. Intermediaries take farmers’ produce at half price and sell it in the marker at high prices. Also, hold the stock and when the situation seems to be beneficial for them, they started selling. Beneficial is denoted for the high prices in the market of the commodities. Farmers get freedom to sell their produce at a good price in any state of India. They have various options that they could sell to the mandis and private companies. Although, they could sell where they are getting good prices.